Fundulopanchax sjoestedti (Lönnberg 1895)

Fp.sjoestedti. Photo courtesy of Ed Pürzl.

Meaning of Name

After Yngve Sjöstedt, the collector.

First Description

Lönnberg A.J.E. 1895 (Fundulus Sjöstedti).

Notes on the fishes collected in the Cameroons by Dr. Y.Sjöstedt.

Ofversigt af Konglar Svenska Vetenskaps Akademiens Förhandlingar 3: p 191-193.

Size

14 cm

Meristics
  • D = 17-18, A = 17, ll = 27-28 (Lönnberg 1895)
  • D = 11-12, A = 13-14, ll = 30-32 (Ahl 1924)
  • D = 14-18, A = 16-19, ll = 31-37 (Scheel 1968)
Karyotype

n = 20, A = 20 (Scheel 1968, 1975)

Sub-Genus

Fundulopanchax

Group

 

Synonyms
  • Fundulus sjöstedti Lönnberg 1895
  • Fundulus gularis var A. Arnold 1908
  • Fundulus gularis Blau Fischer 1910
  • Fundulus gularis var. coerulea Boulenger 1915
  • Aphyosemion (Fundulopanchax) coeruleum Myers 1924
  • Fundulus caeruleus Ahl 1924
  • Fundulus zimmeri Ahl 1924
  • Fundulopanchax coeruleus Stolzenhain 1927
  • Fundulopanchax coeruleum Rachow 1928
  • Fundulus sjoestedti Holly 1930
  • Fundulopanchax zimmeri Meinken 1930
  • Aphyosemion zimmeri Myers 1933
  • Aphyosemion caeruleum Myers 1933
  • Nothobranchius coeruleus Ladewig 1935
  • Aphyosemion coeruleum Arnold & Ahl 1936
  • Aphyosemion sjoestedti Clausen 1966
  • Fundulopanchax sjoestedti Parenti 1981
  • Aphyosemion (Fundulopanchax) sjoestedti Huber 1994

Populations

  • Dwarf Red
  • Fungé
  • Keke - Not a location. This is someone who breeds fish commercially. Very confusing.
  • Lagos
  • Loé
  • Port Harcourt
  • Ndian River
  • Niger Delta
  • Sapele
  • USA (An import from the USA into France around the early '80's & was distributed with this name).
  • Warri
  • CJ 05 - Niger Delta

Loé. Wild male collected by Viktor Schwoisser near to Fungé. Photo courtesy of Ed Pürzl.

Loé. Wild male as left. Photo courtesy of Ed Pürzl.

Loe
Photo courtesy of Günther Schmaus.

Loé. Female.
Photo courtesy of Alberto Restrepo Ubach

Form circulating in the BKA early 1980's

Form known to be circulating in the USA.
Photo courtesy of Monty Lehmann.

Dwarf Red male.
Photo courtesy of Ed Pürzl.

Dwarf Red female.
Photo courtesy of Ed Pürzl.

Dwarf Red in circulation in the BKA early 1970's BKA photo.

 

Dwarf Red. Photo courtesy of Adam Rychlik

A Spanish import to the 2003 BKA convention.

Dwarf Red female in circulation in the BKA early 1970's BKA photo.

Dwarf Red. Circulating in the BKA early 1980's

Dwarf Red. Photo: Roger Gladwell
Note spacing of bars in rear half of body.

Type Locality

A rivulet near to the waterfall of the Ndian River, western Cameroon.

Distribution

Coastal western Nigeria, Niger delta & the extreme west of Cameroon where they inhabit areas on sedimentary soils.

Habitat

Raffia swamps, temporary pools & swamp areas & swampy areas of slow flowing streams. Scheel, in ROTOW 1 considered the extent of there western distribution area was Lagos, Nigeria.

Distinguishing Characteristics Not really likely to be confused with any other species. The caudal fin has a red / orange colouration in the lower half & the upper half has spots or lines. Most populations have a wide pale blue outer margin in the lower caudal fin. The upper outer margin is narrower.
Colour/Pattern Variability Medium / high
History

Lönnberg described this sp. in 1895 from 2 specimens. The first specimen (a male) was collected in a small brook near the waterfall on the Ndian River. The second (a female) was collected from Bonge, west Cameroon. This specimen was badly damaged. Both were collected by Sjöestedt in 1891-92 who collected them below the falls where the Ndian factory was then located. He travelled to these locations by boat.
In 1966 Scheel & Clausen attempted to collect them around M'bonge on the Meme River but were unsuccessful. Scheel considered that Sjöestedt's Bonge was situated closer to the coast than the present day location of M'bonge, both localities were on the Meme River.
Boulenger misidentified this sp. & called them
Fundulus gularis var. coerulea Boulenger 1915.
The name sjoestedti has been used since 1910 to describe populations of occidentalis. Again, Boulenger misidentified a collection from Sherboro Island off the coast of Sierra Leone as sjoestedti. Also misidentified was a list of specimens from Akonolinga, east Cameroon. These were referable to batesii.
Krüger reported that Sjöestedt informed him in 1912 that the fish named after him were caught in the Njong (Nyong) River above the falls some 200 kms from the sea near a station named Atiga-Samboso. Scheel reported that his book (published in 1904) contained no information about his visiting the Nyong drainage between 1890-92 but that he may have been there at a later date. The area 200 km from the coast ( between Akonolinga & Mbalmayo) is an area known to have A.batesii.

Boulenger gives the following collectors / locations in his 1915 Catalogue.

  • 1-5. Collected at Akonolinga, Nyong River, southern Cameroon by G.L.Bates
  • 6-9. Donated to the BMNH by J.P.Arnold from a Calabar collection.
  • 10-11. Donated to the BMNH by J.P.Arnold from a collection at Sherboro.
  • 12-13. Donated to the BMNH by Mr. A.Rachow from a collection from Axim, Gold Coast

Myers used coerulea (sjoestedti) as the type sp. for Fundulopanchax.
In 1966 Clausen suggested that all localities west of the Dahomey Gap referred to as sjoestedti should be named occidentalis as sjoestedti is known to inhabit eastern Nigeria & Cameroon.

The BKA received fish from the AKA in 1970 for distribution through the species controller.


History of the synonym Fundulus gularis var. coerulea Boulenger 1915

Groch collected the first specimen (a male) kept in aquaria near Warri, western Niger Delta. This specimen (according to Arnold in 1906) was the first shipment of aquarium fishes sent from Atlantic Africa. This shipment arrived in Hamburg on the 4th of November 1905. Arnold maintained this male for about a year & reported it growing to 4" (10 cm).
Quite a few imports were recorded in these early years. August 1906: several specimens sent to Germany but all were lost soon after. December 1906: A female was imported which Arnold had. September 1907: 28 live specimens were imported. Arnold had a pair of 2 colour varieties. He made drawings of both varieties & sent them to Boulenger along with the 1906 female. He identified all as gulare.
The first photograph to be published (in 1908) was taken by Oelze. In the same year Arnold succeeded in breeding them.
Other imports were receiced into Germany up to 1911 & were called 'var.A (blue)' & var.B.(yellow)'. These names were recommended by Arnold in 1908. Both varieties were bred by other aquarists.
German breeders were not in agreement with Boulenger's identification but Boulenger did not change his mind. Boulenger even visited Arnold in April 1911 & saw the live fish but still did not change his mind. He did acknowledge Arnold in a note published in 1915 quoting "In a large var.coerulea (var. A. Arnold) the body of the male is bluish with red vertical bars & the caudal is yellow in the middle & blue above & below".
In 1924 Ahl considered them to be a distinct sp. on the basis of scale count & colours.
In 1924 Myers made coerulea the type species for the genus Fundulopanchax ( in Aphyosemion).
Clausen, in 1966, considered coerulea to represent a synonym of sjoestedti.
See also Fp.gularis.


History of the synonym Fundulus zimmeri Ahl 1924

Ahl described this sp. from 2 specimens said to have originated from the aquarium trade in Germany (Berlin Aquarium according to Meinken in 1930). He considered this material to have been collected from the mouth of the Niger but no evidence was reported. Meristically they were reported as D=11-12, A=13-14, the size was measured at 7 cm.
Radda examined the preserved fish & reported that the broad bands on the body were not really broad & neither were they cross-barred as an Epiplatys sp.

Breeding Notes

Best maintained in larger aquaria. Eggs can be layed in bottom mops, peat substrate (which can be dried every few weeks) or sand. Dry incubation takes about 6 - 16 weeks. Water incubation takes around 3-6 weeks. Fry are large enough on hatching to take newly hatched brine shrimp. Growth is quite fast with first signs of sexing out being observed after 6 weeks.
This is a large species & regular water changes are advised when growing young on.

Brian Horsfall in BKA Newsletter No. 310, July 1991 recorded the need to put fresh eggs in water with an acid pH as low as pH 3·8 - 4 for the first few days.

Diameter of Egg  
Remarks The dwarf red variety was introduced into the AKA in 1969 by Mr. Jue. The exact origin of this strain is unknown.
Sterba in Freshwater Fishes reported that young hatch in 3-9 weeks.

http://www.djramsey.com/tropfish/blue_gularis.htm Dave Ramsey's page.